Psychotherapy – A Brief Guide To What It Is
Psychotherapy consists of two words soul and therapy. Psyche means 'mind' or 'soul' and therapy means 'healing'. So psychotherapy is about healing the mind or soul. My quick and easy definition of what a soul or mind is: our thoughts and feelings.
This can also involve our physical body (especially our muscles) and the habits we have developed. And because we are social, all parts of us are involved in our relationships.
Psychotherapy can be divided into two parts. The first is psychiatry. This is practiced by medical a doctor who means that medications can be prescribed. All drug treatments (for depression, schizophrenia, ADHD and so on) are psychiatric. If you want to know more about psychotherapy, then you can also visit www.intrabalance.com/.
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Most Freudian therapies are also carried out by doctors. The second part is counseling, sometimes called psychotherapy. This is most often about talking. Also, especially with styles developed since the 1950s, they tend to emphasize the relationship between client and therapist.
There are hundreds of styles of psychotherapy or counseling. In general, they can be put into four big groups: those who emphasize our thoughts, those who emphasize our feelings, those who emphasize our relationships and those who emphasize our physicality.
The classic therapy among those who emphasize our thinking is Cognitive Behavior Therapy. It believes that thinking means intellectual processing and that our way of thinking affects our feelings and behavior. Therefore this therapy is to change our minds and become happier and / or more productive.
Perhaps the purest type of therapy that is centered on our feelings is Carl Roger's Client-Centered Therapy. Rogers is very good at listening – listening to emotions in what others are saying and responding to.